A-Z Of Child Health child allergies, kids health
(Abdominal Pain, Allergies,Anaemia)

child allergies, anaemia, abdominal pain,kids health
Tummy ache is one of the most common complaints in children and can be a symptom of both physical and emotional problems.

Abdominal PainSevere'tummy ache' can be most distressing for a young child

child allergies, anaemia, abdominal pain,kids health

Abdominal Pain

Anxiety is a very common cause of tummy ache in both children and adults: in times of stress the body automatically increases the squeezing action of the intestine.

Some emotional causes will be easy to identify , for example, going to playground may bring on tummy ache for a shy child.

Symptoms

The tummy ache will differ in location, timing, type and severity, from mild discomfort to severe colic, depending on what is wrong. Check for any  related symptoms such as unusual bowel motions, problems with urination, vomiting, rashes or signs of infection.

 Causes

A number of illnesses can cause abdominal pain - measles and mumps for example, but it can also be caused by food allergies, a swallowed object, asthma, worms, reaction to medication and indigestion among others, In children especially, seemingly unrelated infections and complaints such as tonsillitis or middle-ear infection, can also be the cause of great pain in the abdomen. If the pain is accompanied by vomiting or diarrhoea it may be caused by an infection of the bowel or , if severe, by appendicitis.

 Treatment

Tummy pain often go away by not eating, because food is hard to digest when the abdomen is tight. A hot drink may give comfort and relief. Don't assume, however, that the strength of the pain matches it seriousness. A severe pain could be nothing more than wind, while a mild pain with no obvious cause might be something more serious. If the pain seems serious, is recurrent, continues for a long period or simply worries you, you must consult your doctor.



Abdominal PainPollen, the allergen that causes hay fever, affects the eyes, nose and air passages

Allergies

An allergy is a sensitivity to a substance which does not normally cause people any discomfort or harm.

Allergies can affect almost any part of the body and be caused by a vast range of natural and artificial substances from pollen to nail varnish.child allergies, kids health

An allergic reaction is seldom life threatening, though the symptoms can be dangerous and are at the very least very uncomfortable for the person who suffers them.

Symptoms

As a rule, the symptoms of an allergy tend to show up in those parts of the body  which are exposed to the allergy-causing substance, or allergen.

For example, an airborne allergen such as pollen has its severest impact on the eyes, nose and air passages, causing a runny nose, sneezing and breathing difficulties.

Food allergies can reveal themselves through swollen lips, stomach upsets or diarrhoea.

An allergy to metal will usually affect the skin and an allergy to rubber could result in a rash where, for example, elastic in underwear came into contact with a child's skin.

If allergen gets into the blood stream, however, it can cause reactions almost everywhere. This is particularly true of food allergens, which can cause rashes, eczema, asthma or hyperactivity.

 Causes

There are many things that may cause allergic reactions. These are known as allergens and include certain foods and food additives, dust, pollen, feathers, fur and insect bites.

Allergies do tend to run in families so , if you are a sufferer, it is possible your child may inherit the condition.child allergies, anaemia, abdominal pain,kids health

 Treatment

Allergies cannot be cured, yet they can appear and disappear without warning .

It is often difficult to identify the exact cause of an allergic reaction. If it is very obvious what is causing the problem, your child is lucky: you can just try to eliminate the allergen, For example, strawberries can be avoided, cat hairs cleaned up, a washing powder changed.

Your doctor will advise you on the best way to find out which allergen is affecting your child, and may recommend medication to soothe the symptoms. There are many brands of antihistamines, whether given as cream, drops, drugs or lotions, which may be prescribed for the child.


child allergies, anaemia, abdominal pain,kids healthLack of iron in the diet is the most common cause of anaemia. Eating any of the above foods will help.

Anaemia

This is disorder of the blood affecting the red blood cells which carry oxygen from the lungs around the body, where it is needed for energy. It occurs when the haemoglobin (red pigment) level in the blood cells falls.child allergies, anaemia, abdominal pain,kids health

Symptoms

The classic symptoms of anaemia are lack of energy, fainting fits and skin pallor. Children may also show signs of irritability, become breathless after exertion and may be very easily tired.

In sever cases, a child may suffer jaundice, or stunted growth or recurrent pain in his joints.

 Causes

Anaemia can be caused by blood loss or by certain rare diseases affecting the bone marrow, but it is most commonly caused by lack of iron in the diet. Children who are fussy about their food, pregnant women and the elderly are particularly prone to anaemia.

child allergies, anaemia, abdominal pain,kids health

 Treatment

Simple iron deficiency anaemia can be diagnosed  by a blood test and is normally treated with a course of iron tablets or injections.


Home

Abdominal Pain | Allergies | Anaemia

Bed Wetting |Bronchitis | Bee Stings

Constipation | Chest Infections | Choking

Dental Care | Diarrhoea

Earache | Eyes and Eyesight

Hearing Loss | Hearing Aids

Child Healthy Diet | Nutrition | Malnutrition

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