Dental Care child dental care

child dental care
By the time your child is about two years old, her first set of teeth should be complete. These 20 primary teeth are commonly called the baby or milk teeth. Regular cleaning is vital for fresh-smelling breath. Although a secondary set will start to replace the primary teeth from the age of about six, it is important to teach your child how to clean her first teeth properly as soon as possible. If she has not got into the  habit of keeping them clean by the time her second set come through, she is likely to neglect these too and suffer pain and other problems later.

Symptoms      child dental care

Bad breath, soreness and inflammation of the gums, toothache and visible damage to the teeth are common symptoms of inadequate dental care. Even if they are brushed hard, your gums should not bleed if they are strong and healthy.

If allowed to get worse, gum disease, technically know as periodontal disease, can make the gums recede and may eventually affect deeper tissues, including the jaw bone. In some cases, the teeth become permanently loose.

Sometimes the child may complain of earache when a tooth is giving trouble. This is because the nerves in the side of the face are very close together and the pain caused by an inflammation of the ear may be easily confused with a toothache.

Causes

If the teeth are not cleaned regularly and thoroughly, unpleasant substances develop in the mouth and may cause tooth decay.

The most dangerous substance that damages teeth is plaque. This is an almost invisible layer of sticky, yellowish-white material, composed of saliva, microscopic particles of food and millions of bacteria. Plaque clings to the teeth and changes sugar in the mouth into acid, which attacks the enamel surface of the teeth. This is the start of tooth decay and, once it is established, it slowly moves deeper into the tooth, resulting in holes in the enamel which are known as cavities.

Gum disease is caused by plaque accumulating around, and just under, the edge of the gums. If only the gum tissue is affected, the condition is called gingivitis.

child dental careAlthough your teeth look clean, there may still be a build-up of plaque

Treatment     child dental care

Because plaque is such a sticky substance , the child's teeth must be brushed thoroughly at least once a day to remove it. Being thorough is more important than cleaning the teeth frequently. On average, it takes about three minutes to remove all the plaque if you brush the teeth properly. Brushing your child's teeth quickly several times each day is not as effective as a really good clean after breakfast and before putting the child to bed. When your child is old enough to clear her own teeth, she will tend to copy what you have done, so always take time when cleaning her teeth.

Brushing The Teeth

When brushing , work steadily around the outside of the teeth, and then clean the inside surfaces. Moving the brush around in small circles is the safest and most effective method, as it cleans the teeth without damaging the gums. Also massage the gums by brushing them gently. Afterwards, make your child rinse out her mouth with water.

When cleaning your child's teeth, the quality of the brush is considerably more important than using lots of toothpaste.

child dental care

child dental careIt is important that you child how best to clean her teeth. Help her to brush until she's at least five.

Fluoride

Some dentists believe that the best way to prevent tooth decay , especially in children, is to brush the teeth with fluoride toothpaste, and to use fluoride in other forms as well.

If using fluoride drops, tablets or mouthwash, be sure to follow the directions as exceeding the dose does not offer extra protection and could, in extreme cases, cause mottling of the teeth.


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Dental Care | Diarrhoea

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