child with  diarrhoea, diarrhoea
Diarrhoea   

child with diarrhoea, diarrhoea
Diarrhoea is a symptom of a disorder,  usually an infection in the intestines, although it may sometimes indicate a more serious problem. Diarrhoea can be dangerous in babies and young children if it lasts more than a day or two, so it is important to seek advice from a doctor in such cases.

child with diarrhoea, diarrhoea

Symptoms  child with diarrhoea, diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is an uncomfortable symptom, and may be accompanied by pains in the abdomen. The stools are much more fluid and less well formed than usual. In severe cases of diarrhoea, the stools are very watery and may be passed very frequently. In some cases, the child may also have attacks of vomiting.

Persistent diarrhoea causes considerable lots of water and salts, and may lead to dehydration which, if untreated, can be fatal. Babies are particularly at risk as they can become dehydrated much more quickly than older children. And the vomiting may make it very difficult for them to absorb the fluid given by mouth to replace that lost in the diarrhoea.

Causes  child with diarrhoea, diarrhoea

Diarrhoea occurs when the lining of the intestine becomes irritated. This may be due to an infection, the presence of a poisonous substance or some other cause. As a result, the lining of the intestine becomes unable to absorb water and salts from the food. In consequence, food and water pass through the length of the intestine much faster than usual and stool becomes watery. In addition of the intestine walls may cause them to release water, thus increasing the amount of fluid lost in the stools.

Treatment  child with diarrhoea, diarrhoea

Although the course of action to be taken depends on what the cause of the trouble is, the basic treatment for diarrhoea is very simple. The priority is to keep up the level of fluid intake by getting your child to drink plenty of liquids. Eating is not essential and, if he isn't hungry, he shouldn't be forced to eat, especially if he has been vomiting earlier.

Treatment of Babies

Diarrhoea may be serious for a baby particularly if the stools are abnormally loose and watery, and solid food should be stopped immediately although breast feeding should continue. In either case, your baby should be given extra fluids. If you are bottle feeding, give your baby half strength milk (half as much powder or liquid for the usual amount of water). If you baby develops other symptoms, such as vomiting, or if the stools are tinged with blood, the doctor may advise stopping all milk and giving your baby only clear liquids. He may prescribe a balanced sugar/salt solution to make up for the salts lost in the diarrhoea and restore the normal absorption of water from the intestine.


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