early childhood development, early childhood
Many children are increasingly being starved of love and affection, and this can lead to emotional and psychological deficiencies in their later years. Therefore once the basic physical needs such as food, shelter, clothing and safety are met, it is extremely important for parents to pay greater attention to nourishing a child emotionally and mentally.
This needs to be done in several ways:
Spend time with your child. Remember that the time parents spend with their children are the most rewarding for the parents as well as the children. The best opportunity for this is during meals, recreation and other set times when you can talk, play, laugh and interact with her. The child gets lots of mental stimulation interacting with those she trusts and is secure with. Do not lose that crucial period; once missed, it can never be recovered. The Hopi children (mentioned at the beginning of the chapter), though physically restricted for several hours a day, enjoyed the close proximity and interaction with their mothers and the extensive visual stimulation for the same period.early childhood development, early childhood
A child's mind is like a sponge, ready to ‘mop up’ knowledge. This is a good period to engage your child in conversation, Arouse his curiosity. Encourage him to ask questions and use his questions to lead him into further discussion and probing. Never brush aside your child as being childish; children obviously will ask childish questions most of the time. Sometimes their questioning can be irritating but it is an opportunity for his to learn patience while they are learning much more by way of stimulation.
Introduce the reading habit early in the child's life. For children up to the age of about four, picture books and cards can be stimulating.
They can name animals, objects, parts of the body, etc. Usually by age five they can recognize words and soon after that they should be ready to read - starting with simple sentences. One of the best favors that parents can do for their children meet that of the early child development needs is to instil the reading habit in them; it opens a whole dimension for their exploration and stimulates their curiosity. Furthermore, it starts them on self- learning.
Avoid 'baby talk'; instead use proper sentence structures and encourage your child to do likewise. From the age of about 18 months a child is capable of adding an average of nine words a day to her vocabulary to reach a total of about 14,000 words by the time she is six years old. Remember that language is a vehicle for acquiring knowledge and understanding and also for generating ideas. Therefore language competency almost always promotes precociousness and curiosity. Ensure that the reading habit is inculcated by the time your child reaches the age of six.
Be free with the show of affection for your child. All forms of physical contacts with the child - touching, patting, caressing, cuddling and hugging - can go a long way in assuring the child that he is loved and valued. This is good for the child's emotional well- being and his sense of security. There is a tendency for parents to shower lets of affection upon babies. But as the child grows older, parents (especially fathers) tent to distance themselves physically.
It is important to note that children of all ages, including teenagers of both sexes, have a need for affection; and parents are the best people to meet. early childhood development, early childhood
The self-esteem of the child is something to pay attention to from the time she is born. Read more on Early Child Development Principles.
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